Causes of Drug Addiction and its Treatment
Addiction is one of the most dangerous diseases, which equally destroys both the body and the psyche of a person. Thus, drug addiction is an unrestrained craving for a narcotic substance, the reception of which leads a person into a state of euphoria (buzz). A distinctive feature of this disease is that a person becomes a patient of his own free will – or, more precisely, because of her absence.
The insidiousness of addiction is that after the first drug intake the likelihood of habituation is very high. In turn, a person thinks that a one-time introduction of a narcotic substance has passed without a trace, however, repeated reception, as a rule, does not make itself long to wait. Dependence comes almost instantaneously, quickly paralyzing the thoughts and will of man, causing him an irresistible desire to again and again use psychotropic substance.
Causes of addiction
The trigger mechanism in the formation of drug addiction is the emergence of persistent drug intoxication after taking medications, which causes a person a brief pleasant sensation (euphoria) and persistently encourages the repeated use of drugs. Already after several receptions a person feels withdrawal symptoms, to overcome which each time an increasing dose of drugs is required. At the same time, the longer the period of drug use, the more intense and painful is the breakdown. A person develops psychological and heavy physical dependence.
Stages of addiction
In drug addiction, there are three stages of development.
The first stage lasts approximately 2-6 months. During this period, a person has a syndrome of psychic dependence on a narcotic substance, and the buzz from the drug decreases with each subsequent reception. The addict needs to increase the dose each time to achieve a bright euphoria. In the intervals between drug uses, the addict experiences discomfort, irritability, and his performance decreases.
The second stage of drug addiction is characterized by the formation of a patient’s physical dependence on the use of psychotropic drugs. Man begins to lose control over his behavior; the body is very used to the introduction of drugs.
The third stage (chronic) of drug addiction leads to total physiological, moral, psychic and social degradation of a person. The patient has a complete lack of appetite, vomiting, slowing of the pulse, loss of coordination of movement; digestive and cardiovascular system is upset, exhaustion, brittle hair and nails, tooth decay, etc. The organism is completely poisoned; there is a risk of death.
Treatment of drug addiction: where to start?
The main principle of drug dependence treatment is the patient’s desire and readiness to completely abandon the use of narcotic substances. In this regard, the effectiveness of treatment depends largely on the right start or, so-called, “motivational program.”
It is worth noting that it is impossible to get rid of addiction independently, so no persuasion, reproaches, and even more threats from relatives will not help. If your loved one is addicted to drugs – you need to immediately seek professional help. Experienced psychologists and narcologists will be able to motivate the patient for treatment and develop an individual rehabilitation plan.