The Perfect List of Diabetes Medications
For people with Type 2 diabetes, dietary changes and exercise are not enough to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. You should choose the best options to treat your diabetes.
What are the treatment options for diabetes?
People with diabetes can expect to live active and healthy life if they make a lifelong commitment to diabetes management. What you eat, when to eat, and how much you eat play a significant role in the regulating blood sugar levels. A diabetes patient makes sure that he/she is getting an appropriate amount of nutrition. Also, regular physical activity is required to promote weight loss, reduce stress, and enhance overall fitness. If the full control is still not achieved, medications are taken for the management of Type 2 diabetes.
What about medicinal treatment for diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin on the other hand Type 2 diabetes is managed through meal planning and physical activity along with medications to support your body in controlling blood sugar level more effectively.
Metformin is the first choice treatment for a diabetic patient who just begins the drug treatment. It’s been widely used all over the world for decades and is considered a very safe medication for diabetes patients. Unlike other medications, it doesn’t cause weight gain and is cheaper than any other diabetes medication available in the market.
If the sugar level is not sufficiently controlled by the first line of treatment after three to six months of the treatment, physicians usually recommend adding another antidiabetic medication to the regimen.
Along with the immediate effects of diabetes medications, you and your physician must consider the long-term effects of medicines taken every day for years. Diabetes medications fall into three categories based on what is their mechanism of action. They either affect food absorption, increase availability to the insulin, or increase the body’s responsiveness to insulin hormone.
- Metformin- It is an insulin-sensitizing drug which is meant to be taken twice daily to achieve control over high blood sugar levels. Users are instructed to test their blood sugar two to five times per week. This is the first treatment of choice for Type 2 diabetes. Bigomet SR 500mg is an effective anti-diabetic medication that contains Metformin as the active ingredient.
Metformin has minimal effects on body weight; it rarely causes a hypoglycemic condition or low blood sugar level problems. Some long-term research studies reveal that the drug may help reduce the risk of some cancers. It cannot be given to people with renal or hepatic insufficiency, and some people experience stomach associated problems such as nausea and diarrhea.
- Sulfonylureas- The class of diabetes medication includes glipizide, glyburide, and glimepiride. All these are once or twice daily pills and increases insulin production in diabetes patients. Sulfonylureas group of diabetes medications don’t require daily sugar testing. These medicines are quick working and are considered extremely effective sugar lowering medications. They can cause the hypoglycemic condition and moderate weight gain.
- DPP4 inhibitors- These medications include saxagliptin and sitagliptin that are known to increase the body’s ability to make insulin. Januvia (sitagliptin) is one of the most common medications prescribed to achieve full control; over Type 2 diabetes. It is often prescribed in combination with diet and regular exercise. These medications don’t cause weight gain, neither cause low blood sugar, but can promote infection of the respiratory tract.
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors- The medication such as Acarbose is a perfect option to slow down the food carbohydrates into glucose. They are meant to be taken thrice daily with meals, and blood glucose should be checked after meals. They are extremely effective when prescribed in combination with another antidiabetic agent. The commonly reported side effects associated with Acarbose are gas, abdominal pain and diarrhea.